About This Page
On the K-Family Ancestors page we saw there are four couples who made the voyage across the Atlantic Ocean from Norway to America. These four were:
So if we want to explore ancestors in Norway we have additional family names to consider. In addition to Kvasaker we have the "Aakre" family. In addition to Vigen we have the "Moi" family. In addition to the Quammen family we have the "Larsgaard" family. And in addition to the Hegland family we have the "Austad" family.
- The Knudson Heritage: Knute K. Kvasaker IV and Torbjor Knutsdotter Aakre left Valle, Setesdal, Norway, in 1861.
- The Vigen Heritage: Thor O. Vigen (Tor Viki) and Anne Anundsdotter Moi came from Setesdal to America in 1875.
- The Quammen Heritage: Sven Quammen and Ingeborg Larsgaard left Hol, Hallingdal, Norway, on their wedding day, April 1, 1872.
- The Hegland Heritage: Knut K. Hegland and Signe (Olson) Olsdatter Austad came separately to America in 1872 from Bygland, Satersdal, Norway, and later married here.
Notice that only one of these couples came from Hol, Hallingdal, Quammen and Larsgaard. The other three couples came from Setesdal (Satersdal is an earlier form of the name). So on other pages where we have said that my father, Clarence Knudson, comes from Setesdal and my mother, Ina Quammen, comes from Hallingdal, is not entirely correct. Ina's forbears on her mother's side (Margit Hegland) also come from Setesdal.
On this page we will explore the places where these families come from.
Ed Knudson - 2/21/2013
The Austad Connection
Notice that under The Hegland Heritage above that Knut Hegland married Signe Olsdatter Austad. We as a family have a connection with a living relative in Norway, Inga Austad, whose great grandmother, Birgit Olsdatter Austad, was a sister to Signe Olsdatter Austad, my mother's maternal grandmother.
Inga has visited this country a couple times. Pam Aakhus has visited her in Pam's trips to Norway. In a 1997 letter to Pam, Inga spells out the Austad relationship as follows.
Olav Grundeson Austad, b. 1819, d. July 16, 1868, married Margit Tellefsdatter Langeid, who had six children.
Inga also says that the mother of these children, Margit, came to America. She says, "My great grandmother, Birgit Olsdatter Austad, was the only one staying behind in Norway. She had probably already decided to marry Tarkjel Knutson Austad." Inga's photo at right was taken at the "Rumble on the Red" in July, 2000.
- Grunde Austad, b. May, 1847, d. Feb. 25, 1863
- Tellef Austad, b. December 10, 1856, did not grow up.
- Signe d.e. Austad, b. December 3, 1848, married Knut K. Hegland, b. Febuary 22, 1849, came to America in 1872 and married in 1877.
- Signe d.y. Austad, b. November 21, 1850, died in America unmarried.
- Gunhild Austad, married a Lovdahl in America (3 children?)
- Birgit Austad, b. August 6, 1853, married Tarkjel Knutson Austad and died in Austad in 1908. Tarkjel lived as a widower until he died in 1947.
At the right is a photo of Margit Austad. Remember she is the mother of Signe Austad Hegland, who is the grandmother of my mother, Ina Knudson. So Margit Austad is my mother's great-grandmother.
On the original of this photo is written her full name, Margit Tellefsdatter Langeid Austad, and her birth as 1820. Then it is written she "died between 1885 - 1890 in North Dakota."
So the line of descent moves from Margit Austad to Signe Austad Hegland to Margit Hegland Quammen to Ina Quammen Knudson, then on to the four Knudson children, Jean, Diane, Ed and Curt, and their children and grandchildren.
Notice that Olav Grundeson Austad, the husband of Margit, died in 1868, four years before his family started moving to America in 1872.
This is just a start in discussing Norway ancestors. Other family members may have many stories to tell.
The Halingstad Farm
The amazing photo on the right is of the "Halingstad farm" in Hol, Hallingdal, where my mother's grandfather, Sven Quammen, was born. My mother, Ina Quammen Knudson, has written the following on the back of the photo:
The X on the picture is Kristi Quammen of Harlow, North Dakota, born 1870 in Harlow. Her mother was Margit Quammen, father was Syver Olson Rodning. My Gpa, Sven O. Quammen was her uncle. (Margit was sister to Sven.) (Notice they use the Quammen name.)
My wife, Linda, and I also visited this farm in our trip to Norway in 1993.
Before you were born, Ed, your Gpa Lars and Gma Margit Quammen, your sisters, Jean and Diane, and your mother visited Kristi and her deaf brother, Ole, at Harlow. Kristi was 71 years of age then.
I do not know anyone else in this picture.
Sven Quammen is born on this farm in the house on the right. This farm is located in Hol, Hallingdal, Norway. In 1972 Dad and I visited this farm. I was told by Gudmund Quammen that every kind of fruit bearing tree or bush and every kind of flower known was once growing on the farm.
The Halingstad farm was 3000 feet straight up the mountainside from Hol Church where Sven and Ingeborg were married in 1872.
On the right is a photo of Hol, Hallingdal. The Halingstad farm is located up the mountain across the river from where this photo is taken.
Wikipedia describes Hallingdal this way:
Hallingdal is a valley and traditional district in Buskerud county in Norway. It consists of the municipalities of Flå, Nes, Gol, Hemsedal, Ål and Hol.
Ancient routes went to Vestlandet through Valdres and Hallingdal and down Røldal to Odda. Reflecting this route, Hallingdal and its neighboring valley of Valdres were originally populated by migrants from Vestlandet and spoke a western dialect. The actual migration routes are hard to map, and the migrants may have blended with local hunters from the mountains around the valley. In recognition of this, Cardinal Nicholas Breakespear, who was in Scandinavia as papal legate in 1153, included these two valleys in the Diocese of Stavanger.
From early on, Hallingdal prospered from trading with iron, produced from local marshlands, and developed trading routes throughout the Iron Age. In later centuries, the hallingdal farmers traded cattle over the mountains from west to east. Many known locals were involved in this trade. As the soil in the valley could be barren, trading was necessary for life support. In Norway, Hallings reportedly have a knack for trading even today.
The following is from Wikipedia:
Setesdal (older name: Sætersdal) is a valley and a traditional district in Aust-Agder County in southern Norway. It consists of the municipalities of Bykle, Valle, Bygland, Iveland, and Evje og Hornnes.
The Otra river flows through the valley of Setesdal into the sea near Kristiansand. Setesdal flows from the Hardangervidda plateau in Telemark to the north. The historic Setesdal starts at Evje and extends as far as the farm called Bjåen, at the edge of Telemark county. Øvre (Upper) Setesdal is in the municipality of Bykle. The municipalities of Iveland, Evje & Hornes and Bygland comprise the Nedre (Lower) Setesdal. Valle municipality lies in middle the Setesdal valley. The Norwegian National Road 9 runs through Setesdal.